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J Immigr Small Well being. 2021 Aug 28. doi: 10.1007/s10903-021-01265-w. On the internet ahead of print.
Contemplating the critical role of oral overall health on people’s properly-getting, accessibility to regular dental treatment to improve oral health and fitness may be a useful medium for enhancing immigrant integration and settlement in Canada. Utilizing the 2013-14 Canadian Community Health Study, this examine contributes to the literature and policy by examining if there are disparities in normal utilization of dental care amid current immigrants, recognized immigrants, and the native-born in Ontario, Canada. Adopting Andersen’s behavioural design of overall health expert services use as a conceptual framework, we introduce three sets of variables in our statistical investigation including predisposing, need to have, and enabling aspects. At the bivariate level, modern (OR = .42, p < 0.001) and established immigrants (OR = 0.81, p < 0.001) are less likely to use dental care at least once a year than their native-born counterparts. Once accounting for enabling characteristics, however, we observe that the direction of the association becomes positive for established immigrants (OR = 1.15, p < 0.05). The difference between recent immigrants and the native-born is partially attenuated when we control for enabling characteristics but remains statistically significant (OR = 0.73, p < 0.05). Based on these findings, we provide several implications for policymakers and future research.